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The 5-step ADDIE Instructional Design Model

The ADDIE model of instructional design is a basic model that can be applied to any kind of learning solution.
At Outsource2india, we implement the ADDIE model because of its emphasis on analysis. Before engineering a learning solution, we analyze the problem thoroughly to ensure that the solution impacts performance in a positive way.

The ADDIE model consists of five stages - Analysis, Design, Development, Evaluation and Implementation.

  1. The Analysis phase

    This phase is the most important as it identifies areas in your current business situation that require training. This phase is conducted taking into account the views of subject matter experts, the target audience and your company's ultimate business objectives and goals. A few questions addressed during this phase are-

    • Who is the target audience?
    • What skill deficiencies exist in the target audience?
    • How do these skills connect to the organizational goals?
    • What is the budget?
    • What are the delivery methods?
    • What constraints exist?
    • When is the project due?
  2. The Design phase

    The design phase involves the complete design of the learning solution. It will address the training methodology, whether training will be administered online, detailed storyboards illustrating the training programme and courseware content. During this phase, the following points are taken into account.

    • The most appropriate media is selected by examining the kinds of skills required to achieve your goal.
    • The learning objectives are written and the modules are designed with its corresponding lessons.
    • Course content is designed specifically for use with an interactive, electronic medium in the case of online learning.
    • Determine the appropriate interactions.  They should be creative, innovative, and encourage learners to explore further.
    • Plan activities that allow for student group work to help construct a supportive social environment.
  3. The Development phase

    The development phase concerns the actual production of the design specifications. This also involves creating or obtaining any media mentioned in the design of the courseware. This phase sees the creation of storyboards, graphics and programming involved in the development. It involves the following considerations.

    • Designing according to storyboard specifications
    • Programming according to storyboard specifications
  4. The Implementation phase

    This is the phase where the developed course is actually administered to the target audience. The delivery environment should be prepared for implementation of the course. The following considerations are also taken into account during this phase.

    • Install and maintain the course.
  5. The Evaluation phase

    This is the phase which decides whether the course is effective and satisfies the course objectives. This phase considers feedback from learners. Evaluation is done constantly, both during development and delivery.

Read more about use case modeling in e-learning.

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