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Most of us know the importance of questionnaires in collecting survey data from a large audience, but are uncertain about the placement of different types of questions in questionnaire. There are different types of questionnaires possible that pollsters can send to their audience, and the format of questionnaire depends entirely on what information is to be extracted from respondents.
So, the key to creating best questionnaire questions is, understanding the questionnaire format, and the type of questions that can be asked to respondents using a survey.
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There are two types of questionnaire questions, open-ended and closed-ended. Following description will help you understand the format of questionnaire better, have a look:
Open format questions or open-ended questions give your audience an opportunity to express their opinions in a free-flowing manner. These questions don't have predetermined set of responses and the respondent is free to answer whatever he/she feels right. By including open format questions in your questionnaire, you can get true, insightful and even unexpected suggestions. Qualitative questions fall under this category.
An ideal questionnaire would include an open-ended question at the end of the questionnaire that seeks feedback and/or suggestions for improvements from respondents.
Multiple choice questions, where respondents are restricted to choose among any of the given multiple choice answers are known as closed format or closed-ended questions. There is no fixed limit as to how many multiple choices should be given; the number can be even or odd.
One of the main advantages of including closed format questions in your questionnaire design is the ease at performing preliminary analysis. These questions are ideal for calculating statistical data and percentages, as the answers set is known. Closed ended questions can also be asked to different groups at different intervals to efficiently track their opinion about a product/service/company over time. Closed-ended questions can be further classified into 7 types.
There are 7 ways in which pollsters can create polling or survey questions for their respondents to collect accurate statistical data. Following is a list of 7 types of closed-ended questions that can be a part of your questionnaire design:
Questions that force your audience for a particular type of answer are known as leading questions. In a leading question, all the answers would be equally likely. An example of a leading question would be a question with choices such as, fair, good, great, poor, superb, excellent etc. These questions are meant to get an opinion from the audience in limited words.
In importance questions, the respondents are usually asked to rate the importance of a particular issue, on a rating scale of 1 to 5. These questions can help you understand things that hold significance to your respondents and allow you make business critical decisions.
Likert questions can help you ascertain how strongly your respondents agree to a particular statement. Such type of questions also help you assess how your customers feel towards a certain issue, product or service.
These are simple questions that ask respondents to answer in a yes or no. One major drawback with dichotomous questions is that it cannot analyze the answers between yes and no, there is no scope for a middle perspective.
Bipolar questions are the ones having two extreme answers written at the opposite ends of the scale. The respondents are asked to mark their responses between those two.
In rating scale questions, the respondents are asked to rate a particular issue on a scale that ranges between poor to good. Rating scale questions usually have an even number of choices, so that respondents are not given the choice of selecting a middle option.
Buying propensity questions try to assess the future intentions of customers and determine respondent's buying intention. These questions ask respondents if they want to buy a particular product, what requirements they want to be addressed, and whether they would buy such a product in future.
There is something more important than knowing the questionnaire format and what type of questions to be asked in a questionnaire. It is understanding, what questions need to be avoided in a survey or poll.
Take care to avoid following type of questions when preparing a questionnaire:
Questions that ask respondents details about their personal and private matters are embarrassing questions. Such types of questions are better to be avoided as you risk losing trust of your respondents.
Since most verbs, adjectives and nouns in the English language have either a positive or negative connotations, questions are bound to be taken as either positive or negative. While defining a question, strong negative or positive overtones must be avoided.
Hypothetical questions are based on speculation and fantasy. These questions force respondents to give their ideas on a particular subject, and generally the data collected through such questions are inconsistent and unclear. Hypothetical questions should be avoided in questionnaires.
We have over a decade of experience in offering comprehensive marketing questionnaire design services, as a part of which we help you decide which questions should be added to a questionnaire, frame those correctly, and use them effectively to improve your business productivity.
Outsource2india, a pioneer in outsourcing wide-range of solutions and has years of experience in designing effective questionnaires. We have a team of qualified marketing questionnaire design experts who are skilled in designing ideal questionnaires.
Apart from designing questionnaires, we also have expertise in devising questions that can help you get the answers you are looking for. We can help you with any queries related to "How to design a questionnaire" or "types of marketing questionnaire and their utility".
We have the infrastructure and resources to provide you not only design questionnaire, but also analyze results and do reporting. Have a look:
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